Applications

Applications

  • Trauma Center
  • Orthopedic
  • Pain Management
  • Vascular
  • Non-vascular

Trauma Center

The DVIS would increase the speed and accuracy of diagnosis in a trauma environment where seconds matter. Having the ability to view images of the patient in Continuous 3D Scan mode could be the difference in providing the correct diagnosis and could mean the difference between life and death.

Orthopedic

The DVIS would provide 3D images of bones and soft tissue to help diagnose and repair difficult fractures and sprains. An orthopedic surgeon could utilize the Imaging3 Technology for alignment purposes as in hip and fracture pinning, saving time without having to reposition the patient or imaging device.

Pain Management

The DVIS would provide a Continuous 3D Scan view of the spine to assist physicians in guiding needle placement for nerve blocks and discograms. The ability to see multiple angles simultaneously improves a physician's accuracy and throughput is increased.

Vascular

The DVIS Continuous 3D Scan view would provide a 3D view of injection dye. A physician could then diagnose vascular disease more accurately and rapidly than today's conventional approaches. By viewing around denser areas of anatomy and bone, a physician would be better able to determine diagnosis in a single injection. 3D imaging in Continuous 3D Scan mode would greatly aid in the positioning of stents and catheters, as well as allow for the viewing of leakage

Medical Technology Applications

Imaging3 Technology has extraordinary market potential in an almost unlimited number of medical applications. This ability to use this technology for multiple modalities dramatically increases the return on investment.

Computer Guided & Robotic Surgery

Imaging3 Technology would provide a 3D image in real time with the addition of the P.A.I.L.S., Patient Anatomy Identification & Location Software, software the Physician could now have control of the image information and relate this information to any form of guided surgical technique to the patient. This would save a great deal of time, money and equipment used to interface with existing equipment as well as equipment being developed in the future.

Cardiology

Imaging3 Continuous 3D Scan Technology could provide a view of a heart as it is beating and pumping blood.

Computer Guided & Robotic Surgery

By adding Patient Anatomy Identification & Location Software (PAILS) to Imaging3 Technology, the Physician could then have control of the image information and relate this information to any form of guided surgical technique to the patient. This feature would save a great deal of time, money and equipment used to interface with existing equipment as well as equipment being developed in the future.

Sports Medicine

Imaging3 Technology would provide a Continuous 3D Scan view to Sports Medicine Practitioners whose patients range from Soccer Moms to Sports Celebrities. Giving these Physicians information in 3D increased diagnostic accuracy as well as increasing throughput and quality of patient care.

Pediatrics

Imaging3 Single 3D SafeScan technology would provide a 3D image with a dose lower than standard fluoroscopy. The benefits of being able to diagnose children quickly and with a lower dose would be very attractive to any facility.

Urology

Imaging3 Technology would provide a 3D image of the cervical space and associated organs, better enabling the Physicians to perform delicate diagnostic and interventional procedures.

Food Harvesting

Research scientists in Wroclaw Poland have asked to use the DVIS to pinpoint the location of pests in crops. The DVIS acts as a GPS system for local space. Histogram filters might be used to highlight and identify precise locations of insects in food.

Leaves hide lemons.
DVIS is lowered around tree.
Lemons become clearly visible.

Food Processing

Imaging3 has been approached by a company in Australia which slaughters 3,000 head of cattle per day. The outfit were interested to use the DVIS to instantly quantify the amount of meat, fat, bone in a cow on an assembly line. The V in DVIS stands for volumetric for materials which do not completely attenuate xrays.
In Continuous 3D Scan mode corn is exposed to equivalent of several days of sunlight radiation roughly every few seconds. In this time the vegetable can be disassembled from the bottom by robotics end effectors guided by the DVIS.
Head of corn is lowered into the DVIS.
Filters focus only on the husk and leaves.
Filters focus only on the husk and fur.
Filters focus only on the kernels.
Filters focus on the cob. SafeSlice is used so that human audience can see the cob. The machine vision system that guides the end effectors does not need SafeSlice. It does its job while seeing an object from the inside and the outside simultaneously.
The cob can be rotated manipulated and viewed from different angles concurrently. All the while the position and form of the corn (husk, kernels, cob intact) lowered into the DVIS remains unaltered.
In Continuous 3D Scan mode an apple is examined for surface and internal punctures. Internal hole size can be precisely measured by applying a slice tangential to the surface at the location of the penetration. This application needs to run fast enough to process 12 fruit per second.
Home Depot drills are used to make holes in apple.
Big holes.
Small holes.
Apple is mounted with the help of a tie wrap.
Big holes are highligthed on the surface.
Three smallest holes on the surface and tie wrap are highligthed.
Good close-up view of 5/64 inch diameter penetration on the surface. It looks not unlike a crater on the surface of a planet in a JPL/NASA image.
Three smallest holes can be seen on the surface.
Three smallest holes can be seen on the surface and inside.
Three smallest holes path can be followed deep inside the apple as the slice shifts.
In 2016, while waiting for the business people and lawyers to finish their work, the technology department was discussing the feasibility of using the DVIS to spot food contamination with a professor from UC Davis. On his instructions we inserted metal, wood, plastic, and glass particles into a package of hot dogs. Below are the results of the research to see how these would look in a 3D model created by the DVIS. The hot dog had to be sliced digitally in order to allow humans to see the inside view. The requirement is to analyze food at a rate of 10-12 fruits or packages per second. While this pace is beyond the capabilities of the current model it is not a far-fetched demand. The next time you bite into a hot dog and find an accidental left over fragment from the food harvesting and preparation process in your mouth you will wish the DVIS was on the market to pinpoint and isolate foreign material in food.
A piece of plastic and a wood splinter about 1 inch long seen from a cross cut position.
A piece of plastic seen from a lateral cut position.
The plastic in a 3D model lights up as if bioluminescence was involved.

Food Preparation

Imaging3 has used chickens in boxes from the local KFC outlet and oranges as well as avocados with pits from the local Ralphs market as subjects of demo images. Ideas were kicked around the Burbank skunk works to use the DVIS to guide robotics end effectors to cut and manipulate food articles during preparation.

3D Copier

Single 3D SafeScan images of objects that are made of appropriate material which does not completely attenuate xrays can be sent to a 3D printer to be reproduced.

Purpose

These are thoughts on the topic of energy.

They serve to amuse and to share a unique characteristic of the DVIS: the ability to view and understand how light energy measurements are used to create 3D duplicate models of the real world and to study the process that takes place.

Brilliant Light Power

A gentleman named Randy Mills claims to be able to generate light by increasing or decreasing the rate of spin of an electron of a hydrogen atom.

Crescent Dunes

Go outside on a sunny day in California and what can one expect? 70-90F heat? At most 100F or so.

That same sun and that same heat can power 100,000 homes.

A follow on project called Sandstone will produce the equivalent power of a nuclear plant.

To understand how this works one needs to understand the relationship between space and energy.

The project transforms a 2D (plane) of energy into 0D (point) of energy.

The plane consists of a 2 mile diameter circle of mirrors pointing toward the center.

The center point is actually a cylinder with salt. The salt heats up to 500-1000C. At this temperature it turns into a liquid and is pumped downward to a ground data system below where it is used to produce electricity.

The 2D (plane) is actually many 1D (lines) of mirrors which start from the center and protrude outward.

What would happen if we placed the lines at 1 degree intervals? The salt heats up to 750C. Just right. Peachy!

What would happen if we placed the lines at 5 degree intervals? The salt heats up to 500C. A little anemic but still within bounds.

What would happen if we placed the lines at 10 or 20 degree intervals? The salt heats up to 250C and does not melt and stays solid. All bets are off.

What would happen if we placed the lines at 0.1 degree intervals? The salt heats up to 10,000C and a meltdown of the apparatus occurs. We overcooked the salt.

The granularity of spacing of the 1D lines of mirrors that constitute a 2D plane regulate the heat, too much or too little, generated at the point of the 0D central cylinder filled with molten salt.

Crescent Dunes and DVIS comparison and contrast

What determines the granularity of the DVIS? The combined frames per second rate of the onboard camera or cameras.

What determines the period of orbit of the DVIS? The setting of the stepper motor of the DVIS.

What determines the limit max capacity of energy calculations of the central body of the DVIS? Remember DVIS input is 2D xray light energy MEASUREMENTS, not xray light or radiant solar energy and heat. The output format is the bottlneck. The eight bits (256) per color of all available manufactured monitors is the key constraint.

As humans we are seriously obstructed. Our eyes are stuck in our skulls, which hinders our direction and peripheral vision. We cannot discern too many colors, so our monitors are built to handle only 8 bits per color. If the consumer of the data is a machine vision system which guides a robotics end effector, not a surgeon or doctor, then the output can be increased to 32 or 64 bits.

Our monitor technology is like trying to maintain a barrel of molten salt on a high tower in Nevada and the barrel is made of cheap common consumption supermarket bottle plastic. How can one maintain heat to spin turbines to power 100,000 homes in a plastic barrel that easily vaporizes vanishes and disintegrates?

Conclusion

Our 3D reality depends on a continuous steady balanced stream of energy from all sides to maintain stability.

If the granularity or period of orbit is increased more and more our 3D reality becomes unstable and falls apart.

If the granularity or period of orbit is decreased less and less, no problem, the 3D reality can still be stable, however the excess heat or energy, or energy measurements in the case of the DVIS, need to be collapsed and reduced.

What to do with the excess energy? One could say that this is the source of energy of a LENR (cold fusion) type of phenomenon. But that would be jumping to conclusions.

Using an analogy, if a currency is overinflated what can be done? Chop off several 0's at New Years, have a party, and the currency adjusts itself in the following year.

Using an analogy, if a stock is down on its luck what can be done? A reverse 20:1 split, explain to investors that no value is lost in the process, and the stock adjusts itself in time.

The important point to remember is that as energy is applied uniformly from all sides and all directions to create our 3D reality then adjusting the period of orbit or granularity of the source and/or acquisition has an effect on the stasis of the central body in focus.